Rasht is the biggest and most populated city in north of Iran. The residents are mostly Gilaks. (Iranian people native to the southwestern part of the Caspian Sea.) Its climate is mild and semi Mediterranean. Meaning summers are humid and winters are cold and wet, and it rains a lot here. The people are very hospitable and pleasant. Rasht joined the “Creative Cities Network” of UNESCO in 2015. Surely, walking around the city, the historical buildings, old alleys, smiling people, green streets and the pleasant weather will leave good memories and a lovely, eccentric scrivener in you.
Rasht city was in the pre-Islamic period and at least in the Sassanid period. When the Sassanid regime collapsed, independent rule of this country was called Gilan Shah. After Muslims overcome Iran, the first time that a name came from Rasht, it was 61 AH. During the Safavid period, especially during the Safavid era, the land of Gilan was divided into two parts: “biah pas” to the center of Rasht and “biah pish” to the central Lahijan. The government came to Khan Ahmad Gilani before 943 AH and Safavid Shah Tahmasb gave him a” Biahpas” rule. Eventually, the first Shah Abbas Safavid captured Gilan.
In 1045 AH, Rasht city was plundered by the Russian Stepan Razin. In 1722, the troops of Peter the Great also captured Rasht. Then the Bolshevik Russians captured Rasht supporters during the prosecution.
During his history, Rasht has gone through many painful events. In the winter of 1246 AH, a severe plague was spread in Gilan and killed about six thousand people. 56 years later, the city was burned down and saw plenty of damage. In 1316 AH in Rasht, the insurgency took place relatively modestly against the law of the toll tax of Russian servicemen who received rural residents. During World War I, the city of Rasht was exposed to the invasion of Russian armies and then British forces and local rebels, causing much damage to it. In 1920, the Red Army captured the Baku and entered the Anzali port. This led to the formation of an anti-British government headed by Mirza Kuchak Khan in Rasht. The British evacuated Rasht and fled to Baghdad by burning their warehouses and destroying the White River Bridge. A force from Tehran was sent to rebel the revolutionaries. According to the 1339 AH (1921) agreement between Iran and the Soviet Union, Gilan and Rasht were evacuated from the Russian forces.
Today, the city of Rasht is considered as the center of Gilan trade routes and the trade and import and export markets, and as a center of the province, there are many tourist facilities.
In Rasht, dialects of different dialects are common after the Gilaki language. Some people called Gilaki in the name of Pahlavi. Hamdollah Mostofi Qazvini writes: “In the part that is partly beside the Caspian Sea and close to the” years “, their language has been closed to Jilani (Gilani).” Mostofi knows Pahlavi and is related to Gilaki. The official language of the Rasht City Council meetings is Gilaki.
Before the arrival of Islam to Iran, a group of residents of Gilan and Dilman Zoroastrian and another group of idolaters. Although there were two Christian priests in Deilm and two other priests in Rey and Tabaristan, the Christian religion did not attract much followers in the Gilan region. After the defeat of Iranians in Qadisiyah, four thousand soldiers decided to go to Islam and help the Greeks in the battle of Jalala, so they settled with Muslims in Kufa. From then on, those who were tortured and persecuted by the Khalifa of Baghdad could be accommodated in Gilan. At present, the religion of the majority of the Shiite people is twelve, but a number of religious minorities live far apart from other people in Rasht.
Rasht is 49 degrees and 36 minutes east and 37 degrees and 16 minutes north latitude and its distance from Tehran is 300 kilometers. Also, the city of Rasht with a total area of 180 square kilometers is flat and smooth, with an average height of 5 meters from the open sea. The Alborz mountain range is located in the southern part of Rasht, and the closest summit to Rasht is 2,733 meters high. The closest city to Rasht is Soumesara, located 26 km away. Rasht is limited to the Caspian Sea and the Anzali Lagoon, from the West to the Pasikhan River, the Soumesara and Fouman, south to the Sanctuary and Rudbar and to the east to Kooch-e-esfehan and Astaneh Ashrafiyeh.
Location of the city
Rasht is the most populous city in northern Iran, including the metropolises of Iran. The population of Rasht city according to the results of the year (2011) is 639, 951 people and the population of the city of Rasht is 918445 people. According to the official census in 1395, its population was 956,971. The daily floating crowd of Rasht city as the mother city of Gilan province is over 1, 200, 000 people. The city’s population is two million people on holiday and tourist months of the year. Rasht is the most densely populated city of Iran in terms of population size and, in terms of population ratio, it is also the country’s first and foremost day and night.
Rasht has been nicknamed “silver rain” by the rain for the whole city. In the mythology of ancient Iran, the goddess of the rain is called Thistar, and it is likely that the word Rasht has changed form, since the remnants of the ancient Iranian culture in the corners of the native culture of Gilan have left a dim view. The continuous rains in Rasht and Gilan have forced the people of the area to use appropriate coverings in their roofs, and the best and most appropriate cover for their roofs was the use of pottery, so that the city in the not-so-distant years The city of clay roofs has been famous.