The main city of Iran` northern west province is Ardabil. people speak in Turkish Azaari. Sheikh Safieedin Ardabili is a famous politician who made social and cultural development. Ardabil is located in a land with same name and 1500 meters height from sea level and is surrounded by dramatic and delighting nature. The city has very cold weather 5-8 months of year but moderate climate which attracts people running of hot summer.
Ardabil is one of the oldest Iranian cities, dating back about 1 500 years. This city was under the rule of Bani omaye, the center of the Azerbaijani government and at the time of Bani Abbas, the Babak Khoramdin insurrection center. In 618 AH was attacked by the Mongols, but during the Timurid and Safavids, the Shiite movement and political movements of Iran raised up from the city. Ardebil became the center of the Safavid dynasty, culminating in its reputation, dignity, and greatness, but after the extinction of this dynasty in the historical changes of the Nadir Shah and early Qajar dynasties, especially with the arrival of the Russian armies in Iran and the events of the Constitutional Revolution, Get away from prosperity and importance. After the victory of the Islamic Revolution in Iran, in order to deprive him of this city, its became the provincial capital on April 24, 1993. Many writers of the Islamic period attribute the construction of Ardabil to the Sassanid king Firuz, and they wrote that Ardebil was built on the orders of this king, who lived in the fifth century.
Ferdowsi attributes the construction of Ardabil to the Sassanid viceroy, piruz, in Shahnameh. But the history of Ardabil is much older than the time of Syria’s Firouze. Because Firouz had reigned in 459, and 34 years earlier, Bahram V, the son of Bahram Gur, was attacked by Heathen’s attack from Ardabil to Amol and Gorgan, and then to Khorasan, where he killed Khaqan Heathen. Due to its proximity to the Caucasus, Georgia and Armenia, Ardebil had a special place in Ardebil, during the wars of Iran and Russia during the Qajar period, Ardabil was the center of the Iranian Army’s forces deployment and operations headquarters against the tribes of the north. This place was destroyed due to the attack of the tribes of the north, and on the order of Firouz, the city was built, and the tower and barrow were built in it, and thus the construction of it is attributed to Firouz. In the sixth century BC, Zoroaster’s great prophet of Persia arose and, according to Avesta, the Book of Yasna was revealed on top of Mount Sabalan in Ardebil.
Most residents of Ardabil province are Azerbaijani who speak Azerbaijani Turkish. The efforts of other residents of Ardebil are spoken in a talysh language. In parts of the city of Khalkhal Tatts are inhabited and Tati language is common with the Azerbaijani Turkish language. The majority of people religious in this city are Islam. Also, the city’s Christians, who have often been Armenians, have emigrated in recent decades.
The city is located near the Azerbaijani border and is considered one of the coldest cities in Iran, which has many natural attractions. The city is located 219 kilometers from Tabriz and 578 kilometers from Tehran. The city of Ardabil is located in a plain of the same name at a height of 1500 meters above sea and among the mountains of the garden (Talesh) and Sabalan (Sabalan) in the northwest of Iran’s plateau and has cold winters and mild summers. Ardebil’s climate is cold. Most houses are made by brick and stone is not use for materials. It is something like ancient artifacts.
Location of the city
The city’s population was 529, 374 people (158, 627 households)
This city is considered as one of the coldest areas of Iran and the province between five and eight months of cold years. Rainfall is also present in all seasons, but its severity is higher in the spring and autumn. The city has very cold winters and mild summers. Its average temperature is about 7 degrees Celsius. The presence of Sabalan, Talesh and Bazghush Mountains, the impact of the Caspian Sea and the cold North winds and the presence of its northern and eastern forests on rainfall and temperature fluctuations in Ardabil city are very effective.